Test of English as Foreign Language (TOEFL) is the most popular English proficiency exam accepted at North American universities. TOEFL tests the international students’ usage and understanding of North American English as it is spoken, written and heard in college and university settings. The TOEFL test is developed and administered by Educational Testing Service (ETS), which sets the questions, conducts the test, and sends each examine the score report.


TOEFL exam pattern is as follow – four sections, namely, Reading, Listening, Speaking and Writing – along with the total score.
Reading ComprehensionIn this section, you will read 3-5 passages and answer 12-14 questions about each passage. The section is scored based on the number of correct reading comprehension responses.

  • Question type: 3–5 passages, 12–14 questions each
  • Total no. of questions: About 50
  • Total time: 60–100 minutes

Listening Comprehension : In the test section, you will hear short conversations as well as long conversations. After the short conversation, you will be asked one question and multiple choices of answers will be given. You have to choose one answer. In the long conversations, you will be asked multiple questions based on the conversation.

Question type:

  • 4–6 lectures (3-5 minutes long, about 500-800 words), 6 questions each; About 30questions in total
  • 2–3 conversations (about 3 minutes long, about 12-25 exchanges), 5 questions each; About 12 questions in total
  • Total no. of questions: 40+
  • Total time: 60–90 minutes


Speaking: For you to earn the highest scores in the Speaking Section, your responses must fulfill the demands of the task given with only minor mistakes or lapses. The test graders are looking for a highly intelligible and sustained conversation. There are three main factors that comprise scoring for the section. Question type:

  • 2 independent tasks (prep time: 15 sec; response time: 45 sec)
  • 2 integrated tasks – Read/Listen/Speak (prep time: 30 sec; response time: 60 sec)
  • 2 integrated tasks – Listen/Speak (prep time: 20 sec; response time: 60 sec)
  • Total no. of questions: 6
  • Total time: 20 minutes

Writing: The essay should effectively address a topic. The response should be well-organized and well-developed using relevant explanations and detailed support. Furthermore, it should also display unity, progression, and coherence. If you want to achieve a high writing score, make sure that you demonstrate syntactic variety and appropriate word choice with minor grammatical errors.

Question type:

  • a) 1 integrated task – Read/Listen/Write (20 minutes) (reading time: 3 min; listening
  • time: 2 min; writing: 15 min)
  • b) 1 independent task (30 minutes)
  • Total no. of questions: 2
  • Total time: 50 minutes

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